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مشاوره حقوقی

    • 1 posts
    January 16, 2020 6:45 AM PST

    طبق ماده ۲۷۱ قانون تجارت شخص ثالثی که وجه برات را می‌پردازد بعد از پرداخت می تواند به برات دهنده یا سایر اشخاص مسئول دو سند برات جهت استرداد آنچه پرداخته مراجعه کند اگر چه از طرف آنها اذن در پرداخت نداشته است.

     

    نفقه خانواده

    طبق ماده ۱۲۰۵ قانون مدنی شخصی که نفقه خانواده ی مردی را می پردازد که از پرداخت نفقه خودداری می کند و یا اینکه غایب مفقودالاثر می باشد، می تواند بعد از پرداخت، به آن مرد مراجعه کند و مبلغ پرداختی را که بابت نفقه داده است از او بگیرد ( با اینکه اذن نداشته ) اگر از طرف شوهر اذنی در پرداخت نداشته است . (حال اینکه شخص ثالث است یا همسر خودش) هم شخص ثالث و هم همسر او می‌تواند به شوهر برای استرداد بدهی مراجعه کنند.

     

    در صورت نیاز به مشاوره حقوقی با ما در تماس باشید.

     

    طبق ماده ۳۰۶ قانون مدنی اگر شخصی نیکوکارانه بدهی بدهکاری را که قادر به پرداخت بدهی اش نمی باشد بپردازد بدون آنکه امکان گرفتن اجازه از بدهکار داشته باشد می تواند بعد از پرداخت به شخص بدهکار مراجعه نماید و آنچه را که به جای او پرداخته مسترد نماید. به شرط آن که عدم پرداخت بدهی بدهکار باعث زیان او می گشت (از باب اداره مال غیربا قصد احسان به بدهکار) مانند فردی که وام بانکی دوستش را می پردازد و مواردی از این دست .

     

    بیمه اموال ، خسارات بیمه

    طبق ماده ۳۰ ق بیمه ، که در خصوص بیمه اموال می باشد شرکت بیمه ای خسارات را قبول را پرداخت می‌کند، قائم‌ مقام شخص بیمه گزار می شود به شخص وارد کننده خسارت جهت استرداد آنچه که به بیمه گذار پرداخته نموده بود مراجعه خواهد کرد .

    مثلاً شخص الف نزد شرکت بیمه خود را بیمه مینماید. شخص ب به اموال شخص الف ۲۰ میلیون خسارت وارد می‌کند شرکت بیمه بدهی شخص ب را ورود خسارت پرداخت می‌کند و سپس به قائم مقام شخص الف و مراجعه می نماید و مبلغ پرداخت شده را از او خواهد گرفت. ( از جمله مواردی است که اذن در پرداخت وجود ندارد
    شخصی که حکم اخلاق یا قانون بدهی دیگری را می‌پردازد می‌تواند بعد از پرداخت بدهکار مراجعه نماید مبلغ پرداخت شده را از آن مسترد کند.

    اگرچه بدهکار اذنی در پرداخت نداشته است . مانند فردی که هزینه‌های درمانی خواهرش را به واسطه امتناع همسر او می‌پردازد. یا شخصی که برای تنظیم سند رسمی خانه، ناچار می‌شود که هزینه‌های پایان کار عوارض و مالیاتی را بپردازد که مربوط به او نیست زیرا فروشنده ملک از پرداخت آن خودداری می‌کند.

    برگرفته از مجموعه مقالات کارشناس حقوقی لیلا عبادی لطفا در صورت سوال در مورد این مطلب و یا نیاز به وکیل حقوقی با مادر تماس باشید.

    Pursuant to Article 3 of the Third Party Business Act, the payer may, after payment, refer to the payer or other person in charge of two documents for the refund of what he has paid, although he has not received payment from them.

     

    Family alimony
    According to Article 5 of the Civil Code, a person who pays alimony to the family of a man who refuses to pay alimony or is absent without cause can return to the man after payment and pay the amount of alimony To get her (although she did not have permission) if she did not receive payment from her husband. Both the third party and his / her spouse can apply to the husband for a debt repayment (whether it is a third party or his own spouse).

     

    Contact us if you need legal advice.

     

    According to Article 6 of the Civil Code, if a charitable person pays the debt of the debtor who is not able to pay his debt, he can return to the debtor after payment of the debt and repay what he has paid in return. Provided that the debtor's non-payment of debt would cause him losses (from the administration of the property without the intention of making a debt to the debtor) such as the person paying his friend's bank loan and so on.

     

    Property insurance, insurance losses
    According to Article 4 AH, which is a property insurance policy, the insurance company accepts the damages, the deputy of the insured person will be referred to the insurer to recover the compensation paid by the insurer.

    For example, person A insures his or her insurance company. Person B inflicts damage to person A's property at a cost of ۲۰ 4 million, and the person's debt insurance company pays for the loss, and then returns to person A's deputy and receives the amount paid. (There are some cases where payment is not allowed
    A person who pays for ethics or other debt law may refund the amount paid after the debtor has paid.

    Although the debtor was not allowed to pay. Like the person who pays for his sister's medical expenses through his wife's refusal. Or a person who has to pay end-of-tax duties and taxes for adjusting an official home document because the property seller refuses to pay it.

    From Leila Ebadi Legal Expert Collection Please contact Mother if you have any questions or need legal advice.

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